The U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) reports that substance abuse by workers is a problem at U.S. workplaces. According to OSHA, 12.9 million of the 17.2 million illegal drug users age 18 or older were employed either full or part time in 2005. In addition, the agency says between 10 and 20% of workers who die on the job tested positive for alcohol or other drugs. Drug use by employees can have financial ramifications as well. The Office of National Drug Control Policy at the White House states that the economic cost of drug abuse in the U.S. was estimated at $193 billion in 2007, including $120 billion in lost productivity. Drug use by employees also resulted in $11 billion in healthcare costs in 2007. Some of these costs may be a result of workers with substance abuse problems who move from one job to another in a relatively short period of time, and full time workers with a drug or alcohol problem who are more prone to miss work due to illness or injury. OSHA says that businesses can help address the avoidable problem of employee drug abuse by implementing drug-free workplace programs aimed at helping workers maintain their safety and health.