Sixty-nine percent of organizations reported that they conduct criminal background checks on all of their job candidates. Eighteen percent of organizations conduct criminal checks on select job candidates, and 14% do not conduct criminal checks on any job candidates. Among organizations that conduct criminal background checks, most initiate criminal background checks after a contingent job offer (62%) or after the job interview (32%). Very few organizations (4%) initiate criminal background checks before a job interview. Organizations conduct criminal checks on job candidates 1) to reduce legal liability for negligent hiring (52%) and 2) to ensure a safe work environment for employees (49%). The top two criminal activities that are very influential in the decision not to hire a job candidate are a convicted violent felony (96%) and a convicted nonviolent felony (74%).